Before I had dogs of my own, I thought crates were cruel for dogs. Now that I have a number of them, I have come to change my feelings towards the crates. I realize now that the crate can be the dogs “safe place” or “home within the home”. It can help reduce separation anxiety when you are away, prevent destructive behavior, keep the dog away from potential household dangers, and serve as a mobile indoor dog house. The crate can also serve as a travel cabin when you have to transport your dog in the car or have to take him places where he may not be welcomed to run freely.
If properly trained, your dog will think of the crate as his safe place and will happily spend time there when needed or just “hang-out” in it.
I now truly recommend a crate throughout your dog’s life if used properly.
Buying and Furnishing Your Crate
Buying a Crate:
Crates may be plastic, collapsible or metal pens and range in cost from $35 to $150. They can be purchase through most pet supply outlets or online and vary in size. When selecting a crate of appropriate size for your breed, the overall height/length of your pet is more important than the weight. It is generally recommended that your pet have a crate 6" longer that body length and 6" higher than shoulder height. Your dog's crate should be just large enough for him to stand up and turn around in. If your dog is still growing, choose a crate size that will accommodate his adult size. Block off the excess crate space. For most miniature dachshunds a medium small crate will do (22 L x 13 W x 16 H).
Furnishing Your Crate:
Toys and Treats: Place your dog's favorite toy or ball and dog treats at the far end opposite the door opening. Toys should always be inedible and large enough to prevent their being swallowed.
Water: A water dispenser with water should be attached to the crate if your dog is to be confined for more than two hours in the crate.
Bedding: Place a towel or blanket inside the crate to create a soft, comfortable bed for the dog. Although most dogs prefer lying on soft bedding, some may prefer to rest on a hard, flat surface, and may push the towel to one end of the crate to avoid it.
Location of Crate: Whenever possible, place the crate near or next to you when you are home. This will encourage the dog to go inside it without his feeling lonely or isolated when you go out.
Introducing the Crate to Your Dog
Crate training can take days or weeks, depending on your dog's age, temperament and past experiences. It's important to keep two things in mind while crate training: the crate should always be associated with something pleasant, and training should take place in a series of small steps. Don't go too fast.
In order that your dog associates his/her crate with comfort, security and enjoyment, please follow these few guidelines:
A Note About Crating Puppies
Puppies under 4 months of age have little bladder or sphincter control. Puppies under 3 months have even less. Very young puppies under 9 weeks should not be crated, as they need to eliminate very frequently (usually 8-12 times or more daily).
Collars: Always remove your dog's collar before confining in the crate. Even flat buckle collars can occasionally get struck on the bars or wire mesh of a crate. If you must leave a collar on when you crate him (e.g.: for his identification tag), use a safety "break away" collar.
Warm Weather: Do not crate a dog when temperatures reach an uncomfortable level. Cold water should always be available to your dog, especially during warm weather. Never leave an unsupervised dog on a terrace, roof or inside a car during warm weather. Also, keep outdoor exercise periods brief until the hot weather subsides.
Be certain that your dog has fully eliminated shortly before being crated. Be sure that the crate you are using is not too large to discourage your dog from eliminating in it. Rarely does a dog eliminate in the crate if it is properly sized and the dog is an appropriate age to be crated a given amount of time. If your dog continues to eliminate in the crate, the following may be the causes:
Note: Puppies purchased in pet stores, or puppies which were kept solely in small cages or other similar enclosures at a young age (between approximately 7 and 16 weeks of age), may be considerably harder to housebreak using the crate training method due to their having been forced to eliminate in their sleeping area during this formative stage of development. This is the time when most puppies are learning to eliminate outside their sleeping area. Confining them with their waste products retards the housebreaking process, and this problem can continue throughout a dog's adult life.
Accidents In The Crate
If your dog messes in his crate while you are out, do not punish him upon your return. Simply wash out the crate using a pet odor neutralizer. Do not use ammonia-based products, as their odor resembles urine and may draw your dog back to urinate in the same spot again.
Crating Duration Guidelines
A crate isn't a magical solution. If not used correctly, a dog can feel trapped and frustrated. For example, if your dog is crated all day while you're at work and then crated again all night, he's spending too much time in too small a space. Other arrangements should be made to meet his physical and emotional needs. Except for overnight, neither puppies nor dogs should be crated for more than 5 hours at a time. (6 hours maximum!)
The Crate As Punishment
NEVER use the crate as a form of punishment or reprimand for your puppy or dog. Sufficient daily exercise is important for healthy puppies and dogs. Regular daily walks should be offered as soon as a puppy is fully immunized. Backyard exercise is not enough!
Children And The Crate
Do not allow children to play in your dog's crate or to handle your dog while he/she is in the crate. The crate is your dog's private sanctuary. His/her rights to privacy should always be respected.
Barking In The Crate
In most cases a pup who cries incessantly in his crate has either been crated too soon (without taking the proper steps as outlined above) or is suffering from separation anxiety and is anxious about being left alone. Some pups may simply be under exercised. Others may not have enough attention paid them. These dogs may need the "Alternate Method of Confining Your Dog", along with increasing the amount of exercise and play your dog receives daily.
When Not To Use A Crate
Do not crate your puppy or dog if:
Alternative Method Of Confining Your Puppy
There are alternative methods to crating very young puppies and puppies that must be left alone in the house for lengths of time exceeding the recommended maximum duration of confinement. We suggest the following:
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